I came across a very interesting book recently, Evolution: The Human Story, by Dr. Alice Roberts. It is similar to several other recent books explaining human evolution, but this book was beautifully done with many photographs and charts outlining human evolution beginning around seven to ten million years ago. It started from primate origins and progressed through three genera of proto-humans and three species of the genus Homo finally arriving at Homo sapiens, the only species of humans still flourishing on earth.
The theory of evolution comes from Charles Darwin who argued that the origin of all animals, including human beings, is due to slow mutations occurring spontaneously throughout history. This is evident by the discovery of animal remains deposited in successive layers of sediment that became fossilized through time. The sedimentary layers of fossils exhibit a slow but steady sequence of animal remains starting from the most primitive and least sophisticated up to the very advanced specialized animals we know today. Darwin was speculating about the origin of the physical bodies of humans. He paid no attention to the spiritual nature of humans, which turns out to be much more important than our bodily existence.
The theory of evolution holds that there is no evidence of intelligence operating as these changes develop. They are simply random mutations that either help the animal survive and flourish or are harmful and cause the animal to perish without producing offspring that carry these same harmful mutations. According to Darwin, there is certainly no evidence for creation. To him, the God who supposedly created animals is actually a myth generated by primitive cultures that did not understand science as well as we do today. Evolution has become the primary mode of understanding about how humans came into existence and is encouraged in almost every culture (and school) in the Western world.
Rebuttal by Creationism
On the other hand, creationists argue that God created the entire world from nothing, both the physical world of plants and animals and the spiritual world of angels and humans. Human beings have a spiritual side as well as a physical side. God is totally spiritual and uncreated. He is not composed of mass or matter like we are, and He is not subjected to the laws of nature. God is pure Spirit. He is not measured by length, breath, depth or pinpointed at some point in time as we are.
God is also unchanging, unlike the physical universe. He is so far different from us humans that He would have to offer a revelation to teach us about Himself. And He did give that revelation in the course of human history. His revelation reveals that He operates on love and that He is not a single person but three divine Persons in one nature. Each Person of the Trinity loves Himself and loves the other Persons equally. It was like this for all eternity before God created the world. The world, the entire universe, both the physical part and the spiritual part, and all the natural laws that govern the universe are not things that exist in their own right. Their existence depends on the creative power of God, who for His own reason, created the entire universe.
We can observe the physical universe and, if we are smart enough, we can understand it in great depth. We are unable to see the spiritual world, but it is there. We can recognize its existence if we learn to interpret symbols and signs that point to it. The spiritual world is the domain of angels and devils. God operates more directly through the spiritual world than He does through the physical world. How do I know this? Well, God did give a revelation about that. Indeed, He would have to reveal the spiritual world to us because none of us can see it.
His revelation to the human race began in the Garden of Eden where He used to visit Adam and Eve daily and converse with them after He created them (Genesis 2:15-16). This directly contradicts Darwin’s theory that humans slowly learned the skills of becoming human as they evolved from brute animals. No!
God’s revelation shows that the first two humans were as intelligent as any of us are today. God created them from the dust of the earth (read that as the ninety-two elements of which every material thing in the universe is made). If scientists say that man evolved from apes – but are not apes also made from the same ninety-two elements that dust is composed of? No matter how God accomplished the task, He did indeed create man and everything else in the entire universe.
But when He created man, He added a special step: He breathed a spirit into the first man (Genesis 2:7). This is the critical point of origin for human beings. Adam’s physical body, infused with a spirit from God, became the first human being. Being endowed with a spirit is what made Adam a human being with free will and made in the image of the God who created him.
No animal has ever built a shrine or temple to honor the God who created him, but all humans, even in the most primitive cultures, display some recognition of who their creator might be. All human cultures have developed language. All human beings fashion some form of clothing for themselves. All human beings usually cook their food. No animal does any of these things.
God took a rib from Adam and fashioned it into Eve to be a helpmate for Adam (Genesis 2:21), thereby showing that Eve has the exact same origin as Adam. The two of them are the same flesh, as Adam exclaimed: “This is now flesh of my flesh and bone of my bone” (Genesis 2:23). God asked Adam to name all the animals (Genesis 2:19). This shows that God gave Adam dominion over all the animals. God actually told Adam to rule over any living creature that crawls on the face of the face of the Earth (Genesis 1:26).
First Humans Misled by Lucifer
The angel Lucifer was created at the beginning of creation to serve God as the bright morning star illumining the minds of others about God because no physical being can understand very much about God on their own. But Lucifer rejected that mission from the beginning. He thought he could be a rival to God, and so he revolted. The results of Lucifer’s revolt and God’s punishment play out when Lucifer dared to take the form of a living creature crawling on earth to tempt Eve (Genesis 3:1). He thereby placed himself directly under the dominion of Adam, whose distant descendant will indeed take dominion over Lucifer and punish him.
Lucifer asked Eve about what God commanded concerning the tree of knowledge of good and evil. She said that she and her husband should not eat the fruit of that tree. If they did, they would surely die. Lucifer told her, “You shall not surely die. God knows very well that if you eat of that tree you will become like God knowing good and evil” (Genesis 3:5).
This bold lie confirmed the downfall of Lucifer. He was no longer the bright morning star at the beginning of creation. His defiance of God has made Lucifer the source of darkness, the father of all lies as Jesus puts it (John 8:44). In God’s good time, a descendant of the woman, clothed in the same flesh as the first two humans, was to replace Lucifer as the bright morning star. He would become King and Lord of the entire human race and King and Lord of heaven ruling over all angels and saints.
After Adam and Eve offended God by doing exactly what He had commanded them not to do, God punished them by removing some of the blessings He bestowed upon them when He created them and all their descendants. They were then, because of their disobedience, subject to death (Genesis 3:19). They would then have to labor to find shelter and food, and they would need to struggle against the evil influence of Lucifer and his brood of devils.
They wanted to be like God and to know good and evil. From that point on, they and all their progeny would have first-hand experience of good and evil, both the evil that came to them from the evil influence of others and the evil that flowed from their own hearts as they were influenced by Lucifer and offended others. They would now have to spend their whole lives in a mortal struggle between good and evil.
God put humans in conflict with Lucifer, but we, through the leadership of Jesus, can defeat the wickedness of Lucifer. God, through the human nature of Jesus, will punish Lucifer for his defiance of God. Some humans who chose to serve God will inherit heaven and occupy positions similar to those vacated by one third of the angels who chose to side with Lucifer. Those human who choose not to serve God will be punished along with Lucifer and his brood of devils.
These stories about our first parents came from early folklore generated by Adan and Eve and their offspring through the ages. Hundreds of years later when God appointed Moses to have Hebrew scribes write the Torah, which is the beginning of God’s inspired revelation to all humans, God told Moses to have the scribes write only certain folklore revealed by God that had not been corrupted through the ages. Moses was to incorporate that into the first book of the Torah (Genesis) and add to that the other four books God told Moses to write (Exodus, Numbers, Leviticus, and Deuteronomy).
Genesis records that the descendants of Adam and Eve soon began building cities. Cain’s grandson started the construction of the first city. So this human race that descended from Adam and Eve is significantly different from the world of animals. Our ancestors were indeed human. None of them could be classified as proto-humans or intermediate species between humans and primates because God, by breathing a spirit of life into the first man, had a direct hand in the origin of the human race.
It should be noted that Jews, Christians, and Muslims all accept Moses as a true prophet. The Torah became an integral part of the revelation accepted as authentic by more than half of the human population today and has been accepted as such for around four thousand years. The theory of Evolution has been around for only 161 years and is already being questioned by scientific discoveries in the field of microbiology.
This book Evolution: The Human Story is a fine study of what we are learning about prehistoric animals that resemble human beings but are not actually human beings. I don’t know why so many authors either ignore God or argue that God does not exist. It would be much more edifying for our culture if these authors credited God for what He has done and try to encourage our fellow humans to learn how to love God and obey Him as He commands all of us to do. If all humans actually believed God and tried to obey Him, we would have exponentially less crime and violence in our world. But if these authors continue to teach that God does not exist and that humans are simply highly-evolved apes, what should we expect from apes trying to find their place in this world that knows no God and no valid reason for their existence.
We humans are not highly-evolved primates. We, unlike every other animal on the planet, are created in the very “image and likeness” of God. We are sovereign, spiritual persons with free will. No animal can match what we are. No animal, no matter how highly-evolved it is, has the mental capacity to even understand what those claims mean.