Feast Day of the Dumb Ox

Donald R. McClarey - Aquinas

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\”You call him Dumb Ox?  This Dumb Ox will fill all the world with his bellowing.\” -Saint Albert the Great, responding to jibes from some of the other students he was instructing aimed at a young Thomas Aquinas

Yesterday, January 28th, was the feast day of Saint Thomas Aquinas, who was granted three gifts from God:  the life long innocence of a child;  the soul of a mystic; and one of the mightiest intellects ever possessed by mortal man.  The ladies of History for Music Lovers kick off our celebration of the Angelic Doctor with their own unique tribute.

Here is Pope Benedict on Saint Thomas:

Dear Brothers and Sisters,

Today the liturgical calendar commemorates St Thomas Aquinas, the great Doctor of the Church. With his charism as a philosopher and theologian, he offered an effective model of harmony between reason and faith, dimensions of the human spirit that are completely fulfilled in the encounter and dialogue with one another.

According to St Thomas\’ thought, human reason, as it were, \”breathes\”: it moves within a vast open horizon in which it can express the best of itself. When, instead, man reduces himself to thinking only of material objects or those that can be proven, he closes himself to the great questions about life, himself and God and is impoverished.

The relationship between faith and reason is a serious challenge to the currently dominant culture in the Western world, and for this very reason our beloved John Paul II decided to dedicate an Encyclical to it, entitled, precisely, Fides et Ratio – Faith and Reason. Recently, I too returned to this topic in my Discourse to the University of Regensburg.

In fact, the modern development of the sciences brings innumerable positive effects, as we all see, that should always be recognized. At the same time, however, it is necessary to admit that the tendency to consider true only what can be experienced constitutes a limitation of human reason and produces a terrible schizophrenia now acclaimed, which has led to the coexistence of rationalism and materialism, hyper-technology and unbridled instinct.

It is urgent, therefore, to rediscover anew human rationality open to the light of the divine Logos and his perfect revelation which is Jesus Christ, Son of God made man.
When Christian faith is authentic, it does not diminish freedom and human reason; so, why should faith and reason fear one another if the best way for them to express themselves is by meeting and entering into dialogue? Faith presupposes reason and perfects it, and reason, enlightened by faith, finds the strength to rise to knowledge of God and spiritual realities. Human reason loses nothing by opening itself to the content of faith, which, indeed, requires its free and conscious adherence.

St Thomas Aquinas, with farsighted wisdom, succeeded in establishing a fruitful confrontation with the Arab and Hebrew thought of his time, to the point that he was considered an ever up-to-date teacher of dialogue with other cultures and religions. He knew how to present that wonderful Christian synthesis of reason and faith which today too, for the Western civilization, is a precious patrimony to draw from for an effective dialogue with the great cultural and religious traditions of the East and South of the world.

Let us pray that Christians, especially those who work in an academic and cultural context, are able to express the reasonableness of their faith and witness to it in a dialogue inspired by love. Let us ask the Lord for this gift through the intercession of St Thomas Aquinas and above all, through Mary, Seat of Wisdom.

Go here to read some quotes from other popes on the Dumb Ox.

Finally, Saint Thomas Aquinas for our sound bite age!  (Blasphemy I do realize.)  Three Minute Philosophy looks at Saint Thomas.  (This video is shorn of the juvenile anti-Catholic comments that marred the original.)

At the end of his life, the Angelic Doctor had a mystical experience before the Eucharist and stopped writing.  When asked about it, he said that what he had seen made all of his writings seem like mere straw in comparison.  His writings will endure as long as Man endures, a tribute to what the human mind, enlightened by Faith, can accomplish.  However, it is his sublime and victorious faith in Christ which is his real monument.

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2 thoughts on “Feast Day of the Dumb Ox”

  1. Pingback: The Papacy: The Person Versus The Office - BigPulpit.com

  2. I read the entire Summa Theologica by St. Thomas excepting most of the objections. I think it is no.2 after the Bible as the most important book on earth for the soul ( because it has clarity unlike Augustine relatively) and I say that with knowing its incorrect and in one case, fateful moments ( ie the belief in the killing of heretics which is now rejected both in Vatican II and in section 80 of “Splendor of the Truth” and was rejected by a good deal of the first millenium saintly writers prior to Thomas). The sincere erroneous conscience is never discussed nowadays but Thomas and a series of Popes had exactly that on that issue in those cases wherein actual rebellion did not proximately issue from speculative heresy. Oddly they seemed to have ignored Christ’s rebuke of the disciples who wished to draw down lightning on a Samaritan town in Luke 9 in favor of the OT law for the killing of “dreamers” etc. who led Jews away from the true God. Later when Joan of Arc is killed, it is in line with that OT law again but in addition, wearing men’s clothes is the final technicality used from Leviticus to kill Joan by fire which in the OT law was only used for two sexual sins not including clothing choices.
    On gluttony St. Thomas is the nuanced mind at work. For Thomas the modes of gluttony were: eating too greedily ( speed or quantity); eating too early; being demanding of the food having been either costly or perfectly prepared. The latter two modes one maybe only sees among the super rich but St.Thomas was from a family who had a hundred knights guarding one of their castles where they imprisoned him for a year lest he enter the Dominicans…with two of his brothers sending in a prostitute who failed to seduce him. Legend has it that Thomas carried a torch not for her but towards her to chase her out. But his family may have been the source of some of his insights into sin.
    Two feel good treasures at the deep end of theology’s pool are found in Thomas: A. we can “further
    predestination” by our prayers and B. there is no wrath in God but “wrath” is used anthropopathically for God’s consequent willing of justice. Real wrath would make God change emotions a billion times a minute and God notes that He is unchanging in several scriptures. God is Love but in willing a just universe, He wills hell in the willing of justice. How is eternal punishment just for temporary hurt in say adultery? Thomas opines there are two turnings in sin: the adulterer turns toward the mutable good of sex when he ought not…and he turns away from the Eternal God. The eternity of hell is due to that second turning…not the first turning.

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